The inventory market set a document excessive on the primary buying and selling day of 2022 then spent the subsequent 12 months tumbling within the worst decline since 2008, the peak of the Nice Fiscal Disaster.
This was additionally a yr through which there have been few locations to cover. Shares fell, bonds fell, and cryptocurrencies crashed.
On Friday, S&P 500 Index gave again 1 / 4 level, 0.25%, to shut the yr down 19.4% at 3839.50. However measured from its all-time excessive of 4796.56 on Jan. 3, the first-trading day of the yr, the index plunged 20%.
The Dow Jones Industrial Common shed 0.22% to shut the yr down half as a lot because the S&P, 9.6% to 33147.25. The Dow additionally hit an all-time excessive the primary week of the yr, to 36799.65 on Jan. 4, the second buying and selling day of the yr. Off the excessive it sank 10%.
A mixture of components induced the plunge. Russia invaded Ukraine only a month into the brand new yr, creating shortages of wheat and fertilizer worldwide, and power for Europe. This led power to be the most effective performing sector of the yr. The Vitality Choose Sector SPDR ETF (XLE
), which holds all of the power shares within the S&P 500, rocketed 66.2% in 2022.
Then as individuals got here out of the Covid-19 lockdown they started to purchase issues, a numerous issues. This induced inflation to boost its ugly head as the extent of demand for items and providers surged.
Along with the availability chain issues attributable to the pandemic and the Russian/Ukraine Struggle, costs soared to ranges not seen in 41 years. The Shopper Worth Index (CPI) rocketed to 9.1% in June. It was the biggest enhance since November 1981. By final month, it had declined to 7.1%.
Inflation is notoriously dangerous for top progress firms, lots of that are within the expertise sector. Expertise was one of many worst sectors of the yr. The Expertise Choose Sector SPDR ETF (XLK
), which holds all of the tech shares within the S&P 500, skidded 27.7% over the yr.
This induced the tech heavy Nasdaq Composite Index, to plummet 33.1% to shut the yr at 10466.48. The Nasdaq additionally hit a document excessive on the primary buying and selling day of 2022, to 15832.80. Off the excessive, it ended the yr down 33.9%.
One more reason the market fell was the Federal Reserve’s effort to combat the surging inflation. It raised rates of interest from 0% to the vary of 4.25% to 4.5%, the very best price in 15 years, and the quickest enhance because the Nineteen Eighties. The Fed expects to maintain elevating charges in 2023.
This induced the U.S. Treasury market to document an annual loss in 2022. The ten-year US Treasury bond opened the yr with a yield of 1.51%. After hitting a yr excessive of 4.33% in October, the 10-year closed the yr with a yield of three.88%.
“The Bloomberg US Treasury Index returned -12.5%, its second straight full-year loss and the largest in its four-decade historical past; the worst months for the index had been in September, March and April; the 1Q lack of 5.58% was the largest on document for a single quarter” in accordance with Bloomberg.
Lastly, cryptocurrencies, which had been marketed as a retailer of worth for inflationary occasions, like gold, didn’t stay as much as all it is expectations, apart from being extraordinarily risky. Bitcoin
, the flagship of the crypto market, ended the yr at $16,602.59. This a 64.1% dive for 2022. Since Nov. 8, 2021, when Bitcoin hit a document excessive of $67,566.83, it has plunged 74.4%.